Quiet Revolution: Technologies that will change the World

Many technologies show up with loud proclamations
of how they will change our lives, while others arrive more quietly, but just as surely revolutionize
the way we live. Two men wake up at 7 in the morning on August
10th. The difference is one wakes up in the year
2017 and the other wakes up in 1717. The latter wakes up chilly, to the sound of
a rooster crowing, from a bed of straw he shares with lots of bedbugs. Neither his night shirt nor his bedding is
terribly clean, and he splashes water on his face from a bowl to help wake up before looking
outside to try to guess what the weather will be like today. He, like all of his family and most people
he knows, is a farmer, so the weather matters a lot to him, and any other news will be a
long time coming, including that his brother, who lives just a couple towns away, broke
his leg a few days back and passed away from an infection. He works from sun up to sundown because he
has little machinery and he would probably work longer if he had access to something
better than candles to provide light. Our other man wakes up in 2017 to the sound
of an alarm clock, he is not hot or cold because his home has central heating. His pajamas and bedding are quite clean because
he has a washer and dryer. He is a bit groggy because he can light his
home at the flick of a switch so often stays up later than he should. Fortunately he has hot coffee and a hot shower
to help him wake up, and he checks his email while drinking that coffee and listening to
the news and weather. He already knows his brother broke his leg
a few days back, even though he lives a long distance away, and of course he does not die
from an infection, he’s just at home bored and probably would welcome a phone call. These are two very different lives. They are separated by three centuries, a dozen
generations, and a slew of inventions both major and minor. Those inventions, major and minor, have altered
our civilization profoundly during that time. Our topic for today however is not those inventions,
but rather the ones emerging nowadays that will change our lives once more, many of which
get little notice in the news. Even those emerging technologies that get
reported with much pomp and hype often bypass a lot of the simple yet drastic changes they
will bring to how we go about our normal day. This was a topic picked by a poll of the channels
supporters on Patreon and it’s a great topic, but one that’s surprisingly hard to discuss. A survey of technologies that don’t get
talked about a lot, but will change the world we live in, requires introducing those technologies
and explaining the potential of each. The trick is that technologies that don’t
get a lot of fanfare don’t get it because their value and applications are not too obvious. Fundamentally, technology is about making
our lives better, safer, and more convenient. To talk about the impact technology will have
on our lives we need to go deeper than just what the technology does, like how a fusion
reactor makes electricity cheaper and renewable, an obvious benefit, but also how it alters
our day to day life. Cheaper electricity is awesome, an energy
source that doesn’t run out or cause environmental problems is awesome, but it is easy to overlook
all the other benefits that come along with them. We once devoted an entire episode to just
that one technology back in the early days of the channel. Today we need to cover several such technologies. So to do this we will walk through a day in
the life of two people, Sam, who lives nowadays in the year 2017, and Hannah, who lives just
a few generations from now in 2077. Sam wakes up, hits snooze on the alarm clock,
then wakes up again five minutes later and grumbles as he gets out of bed. He gets the coffee maker started, then heads
into the bathroom to shower, shave, and brush his teeth. Unlike most of his ancestors, he has all of
his teeth, though some are fillings or caps. He drinks coffee and has a bowl of cereal,
checks the news, dresses, and plots out his day. So Sam gets in his car, and unlike his grandfather,
he can remotely start the car before heading out so the vehicle is all warmed up when he
gets in. He stops for gas before getting on the freeway,
and spends maybe five minutes pumping it. He doesn’t need to speak to anyone though,
it is 2017 not 1987, so he just slips his debit card into the machine rather than going
inside to wait in line for a cashier. He doesn’t need to grab another coffee either,
because large thermos cups are cheap and easily available. When he gets back in the car he has a phone
message from his boss saying not to come to the office, everyone is going to a meeting
hall and here is the address. Sam’s company makes software and he’s
going to go demo that software this morning to a company in the area. He’s got it on his laptop and keeps a projector
in the trunk, they’ll tweak the usual presentation and email it to him with some notes on the
prospective customer. He doesn’t recognize the address, but that
is what GPS is for. So he gets on the road and almost rear ends
someone while trying to read those notes, but arrives at his destination and gives the
presentation; thankfully they seem happy with the product. He doesn’t know the area well, but searches
the internet for a good restaurant for lunch; then heads back to the office, gives his boss
a report on how it went, and they spend some time strategizing how to close the deal. It’s been a bit of a stressful day, so he
goes and gets a drink after work, just one though because he needs to drive. He then goes to the grocery store and thankfully
he remembered to put his list on his phone so he doesn’t forget anything. He heads home, microwaves some dinner, and
settles in to watch some TV and play a video game to finish unwinding. His son Ted calls from college and they chat
for awhile, and then Sam heads off to bed. That was a day in the life of Sam. Sam’s day is a fairly normal one for modern
times, different from a generation ago in many ways but similar in many others. Different from the one his son Ted will live,
but likely similar in many ways too. It is worth noting that while Sam has access
to virtually all the knowledge of humanity, he can’t particularly learn it faster than
someone with access to a classic library could. He, and his son away at school, can access
just about any information near instantaneously, but other than it being easier to find visual
examples beyond text and a diagram, how he intakes new information hasn’t changed much
over previous generations, even if his mode of access has. Okay, 60 years later, Hannah wakes up, but
she is not groggy so doesn’t hit the snooze button on her alarm clock because she doesn’t
actually have one. Unlike her grandfather Sam, or her dad Ted,
she does not own a smartphone either. She has a supercomputer in her wristwatch,
and some thin contact lenses, and tiny implanted speaker by her ear that feed her information
instead. Lots of her friends have no wristwatch or
contact lenses either, just stuff wired into their brains more directly, but she’s a
bit of traditionalist. She’s not groggy because every day she eats
a couple of capsules, the same way we might take a multivitamin or allergy medicine. They are gel-capsules that dissolve into lots
of tiny pills which in turn can be sent a signal to release their contents or simply
let them pass through the system unused. Some of those micro-pills contain things like
melatonin to help her get to sleep or others to help her wake up. There’s no alarm clock on the nightstand
next to her bed, instead, a little while before she wakes up, those medications get triggered
to help her transition comfortably to wakefulness and her ear-speaker starts talking or playing
music. The lights in the room turn on too, and grow
brighter. She doesn’t start the coffeemaker, because
all the smart electronic shadows that follow her around made a good guess she’d want
some, and some toast, and delivered those to her nightstand instead. She doesn’t brush her teeth in favor putting
in something like a mouth guard that she just bites down on and it goes to work brushing
and flossing in a very precise and guided way, then relays that data to her dentist’s
computer, which analyzes and collates it to see if she needs an appointment. She knows what cavities and fillings are,
because she heard about them in a history class along with smallpox. Normally, Hannah would not actually go into
work, because she mostly works from home. She does need to go in sometimes though, so
she does find it worth the cost to have a car rather than just summon an automated taxi. She tells her vehicle to start while getting
dressed, and feels a little chilly as she steps outside, but her clothing is smart too,
with lots of small machinery and micro-sized solar panels and batteries and wireless energy
receivers in it, so it instantly starts warming her up on her walk to the car, which is short
because it drives itself up to her doorstep and opens the door for her. She tells it to take her to work, and she
sips some coffee, and reviews her notes and correspondence while it drives. She works through lunch and orders whatever
she likes for drone delivery, she doesn’t even know who she ordered it from, or that
it came from 2 different places that seamlessly coordinated their delivery to be simultaneous. After work she goes to a pub and decides to
stick around for a second drink because she isn’t driving and she does not need to go
to the grocery store. She just gets a note from her smart house
requesting permission to buy things she’s low on and asking if she wants anything else. She scans the list, adds some ice cream to
it, and says yes, all the while chatting with a random stranger at the bar. Neither of them ever gave their names, since
they are just used to seeing someone’s name pop up in their vision whenever they look
at a person’s face and their various electronic shadows detect the mental equivalent of curiosity. She heads home and talks to her dad Ted along
the way, he appears to be sitting in the car with her, with every sight and sound seeming
to come from someone physically there, though her preferences are set to always give a certain
halo and translucency to such folks so she doesn’t forget they aren’t actually present. He’s entirely digital though, her dad Ted
is not there and not sitting, and from his perspective his daughter is walking alongside
him while plays golf half a planet away. He remembers when the software for this was
a lot less seamless, and would show a video window of their face, and when you used to
have to remember to take your phone with you and had to mess around trying to get charging
cables into the ports. He hasn’t plugged anything in for a long
time, and Hannah doesn’t even remember doing so, because for her whole life everything
has just been wireless. Energy is transmitted to small devices by
magnetic induction, or runs off stored energy in tiny, high energy density batteries that
charge very quickly, and gets power off micro-sized solar panels in one’s clothing or by leaching
a little energy off every swing of the arm or leg. She doesn’t think about it much but often
it’s a little harder for her to move an arm or leg when her electronics shadows think
she needs some exercise and divert that extra energy into the grid, or rent some of the
processors in her clothes or bracelet out for cloud processing, signal boosting, and
so on. Hannah works for the same software firm her
father and grandfather did, but she never carries any equipment around for presentations,
because she rarely does them in person, and when she does, she can just grab the files
off the cloud and share them right to her audience, and the interface is so smooth and
mostly thought or gesture controlled that she can shuffle through dozens of charts or
images in real time and send them, or even make new ones as needed. Indeed her audience can usually alter the
parameters of a given chart without even having to ask her, they just say they want the chart
they’re seeing projected over 5 years not 3, as she showed them, and it does. When she gets home she has dinner with her
son, who is off at college, but is actually in the house in the flesh right now, because
he just attends lectures by watching them and he asks his professor questions by calling
during office hours, which are all day every day, because dozens of professors around the
planet nominally teach that course, and his study group for doing homework is likewise
spread all over the planet. An individual course might be taught by many
different people, and he just finds the lecturer whose style he prefers and watches those,
but it’s not live, so he needs someone else to ask questions. Hannah doesn’t ask him about his grades
because he doesn’t get them, he finishes a class when he knows the material, be it
a day or two years, and he never takes tests either because the folks who designed the
course also designed tens of thousands of questions or other progress monitors, and
those just get injected from time to time in the course. When he’s nailing them 9 times out of 10
it moves on to more advanced stuff, or tells him he has proficiency and that gets recorded
in his file. Hannah does not need a second mortgage on
her house to pay for his tuition and lodging, because paying a couple dozen different professors
to prepare an instructional segment on a topic everyone around the planet can pick and choose
from is a lot cheaper and more cost and time effective than paying one professor to stand
in a room repeating the same lecture once a semester to students that may or may not
be receptive to his presentation style, or have to miss a class and fall behind. There is no class to fall behind on, just
subjects, and the ability to assess with solid accuracy how knowledgeable an individual person
is at any time on that subject. So Hannah doesn’t have much trouble falling
asleep because she isn’t too stressed out by life, and her personal health monitor can
send a signal to some of the pills left in her system to dissolve or tell her how much
of something to take if she needs a hand getting to sleep. What’s interesting about Sam and Hannah’s
lives is that they both live in a pretty automated and high tech civilization. We spend a lot of time on this channel talking
about futures in Hannah’s Era or even centuries further ahead, and we tend to focus on big
things. New spaceships, new energy sources, giant
constructs we could build around our own star or other stars and the ships that will get
you there. Not today though, for today it does not matter
that Ted was actually playing golf in a rotating habitat orbiting the Earth, complaining about
how the spin throws off his normal swing. We care that his golf partner was actually
lying down at home on his bed playing with him in virtual reality, and that he, Ted,
and Hannah were thousands of kilometers apart, but all felt like they were in the same environment
chatting, even though they were not in the same place and quite possibly all saw different
environments. We don’t care that they have rocket ships
with big fusion powered drives that can get to Mars in a week, we care about them having
cars they can sleep in, fully relaxed in the knowledge that it could drive through a blizzard
without a risk of accident and that if one did somehow happen, a dozen safety systems
would pop on deploying airbags and restraints before the vehicle even hit the target, and
that if somehow even that wasn’t enough, an automated ambulance would be on the scene
in moments with robots controlled by experts hundreds of kilometers away piloting them,
and already knowing from the vehicle monitors exactly what happened and where all the injuries
were and how severe. We also don’t particularly care that Hannah’s
son can do classes online, we already have ever-improving technology allowing that. We care about the automated interactive aspects
of that, something called Affective Computing, or computers and systems that can recognize,
interpret, process, or simulate human body language and affects. Fundamentally it is this sort of technology
that holds the strongest potential to revolutionize our lives. Sure, a student can watch a recorded lecture
and pick from several variations of it by other people covering that same topic, just
as you can do now on YouTube for instance. But it is a bigger gamechanger when the system
can actually recognize that you are confused or distracted and act accordingly, by simply
bringing up a different or expanded presentation. One that can recognize what sort of voice
tones and manner or accent you respond better to and suggest speakers based on that. It can even real-time alter theirs. Or even perform text-to-speech functions that
don’t pronounce each word mechanically, but can simulate it like a normal person would
say it, and possibly even produce a simulated speaker who doesn’t trip all your mental
flags as inhuman and disturbing. The Uncanny Valley, our tendency to respond
more negatively to things which seem closer to human than further away, is a big hurdle
to making such simulations, but if you can get past it, you open the door for books that
don’t just get read aloud by some cold disjointed voice, but can be real-time performed like
a TV show or interactive virtual environment without needing actors. It’s a lot easier to learn the history of
the world when instead of a book or lecture or even historical TV drama, a person can
land in that environment where the bits they find boring can be seamlessly detected and
altered, so they remain focused on the important knowledge while enjoying themselves. It’s nice to have a test that doesn’t
need to have questions checking your reading comprehension, because it already knows what
that was from monitoring you while you read, and even nicer if most text can adapt as you’re
reading it to rephrase the information or the question to better communicate to you
as an individual. It’s like the automatic translator that
doesn’t just hear what someone said in another language and translate it word for word, but
instead can convert all the idioms and expressions into another language and its own idioms and
expressions. It will be even cooler if one day we can just
download knowledge and skills into your head, like in the film the Matrix where they upload
for a few seconds and suddenly that person knows martial arts. In the absence of that, while we can only
use our eyes and ears to input data, which are limited to their format and bandwidth,
being able to maximize those by tailoring the input to the individual could massively
boost how well and quickly people acquire knowledge and skills. Nothing would more powerfully alter our day-to-day
life than the ability to absorb skills and knowledge quicker than we do now. Even many of our conveniences come from simply
making a task so easy you don’t have to invest any time into learning it. A civilization where everyone is a jack-of-all-trades,
and an expert at a few, is fundamentally different from ours. We didn’t focus on cool new power production
methods like fusion today, we focused on ways to conveniently get power. Wireless energy transmission by magnetic induction
or energy beaming, smaller and better batteries and solar panels, or harvesting energy right
from the person. Leaching just a little energy away from every
motion, maybe even putting devices in the body that could steal a bit of energy from
your own food to transmit it to devices in or on you. I never really said how Hannah’s car operates,
that it is an electric vehicle ultimately powered by some big fusion reactor somewhere,
because Hannah doesn’t think about it. She knows the batteries in her vehicle replaced
a combustion engine when batteries finally got small enough and fast charging enough
to remove the inconvenience of recharging compared to refueling. But she just doesn’t think about it anymore
than you or I spend much time thinking about our light bulbs or light switches, or what
makes our refrigerator cold, even though those devices changed our lives profoundly. We’re not too interested in the super-powerful
classic or quantum computer that could simultaneously play every human being at chess and beat them
all, or even the social media network that can help you find other people in your area
that enjoy chess. We’re interested in the hardware and software
that notices you like playing chess, and can let you know the person you are talking to
does as well, and likes gardening like you do, but does not share your joy of cooking,
or parachuting off kilometer tall buildings. Predicting the future of technology is always
a hit and miss game, often in hindsight the stuff is obvious, but can’t be predicted
in advance, something we call a Black Swan, and have discussed before. Some technology and its impact is easy enough
to predict, but what makes them inaccurate in most cases is all those tiny secondary
advantages and changes and those tend to focus on human desire and convenience. It’s not that hard to predict faster computers,
the internet, satellites, or cell phones. What’s hard to predict is people using those
to post a picture of what they ate for lunch. Once you do, you can imagine that a lot of
restaurants will advertise online and show photos of the menu. It will seem obvious in hindsight that someone
is going to make a piece of software that can look at that image and make some smart
guesses about its nutritional value and calorie count. It will seem obvious in hindsight that as
we get more Affective Computing able to monitor your reactions, your computer will get better
at showing you bits of stuff on your social media newsfeed that you’ll enjoy, and that
advertisers will be able to hit you with an ad showing a picture of pizza with the toppings
you like when you are just getting a little hungry and haven’t had pizza recently, and
tomorrow you’ll get shown sandwiches instead. It’s predictable that 3D printers, and fast,
cheap, delivery might put a dent in classic retail shopping. It’s predictable that automated vehicles,
not needing expensive drivers, will make it much cheaper to deliver things or take a taxi,
so that fewer people might own individual vehicles. It’s less predictable that these might start
including a casual chat function that notices two strangers sharing a vehicle are uncomfortable
and bored and can drop an icebreaker so they can talk to each other. It’s less predictable that some software
company will make a fortune designing algorithms for that which can seamlessly drop a targeted
advertisement in there where the automated driver can say that it noticed you’re hungry
and like Italian food, and there’s a great bistro just up ahead. Automated vehicles, wireless energy transmission,
affective computing that can read your moods or even mental implants that can sync directly
to your thoughts are all technologies that are emerging and do tend to get a fair amount
of attention in the media. However, it is very easy for us miss a lot
of those secondary applications that can quietly sneak in there to revolutionize our lives
just as much as landing on the Moon did, or going to Mars will. Next week we will be starting up a new series
looking at just that. We spent a lot of time recently in the Upward
Bound Series discussing how to get off the planet, and in the new Outward Bound series,
we’ll be visiting some other planets and moons and talking about how to get there and
what to do when you arrive, and we’ll start with Colonizing Mars. For alerts when that and other episodes come
out, make sure to subscribe to the channel. If you enjoyed this episode, hit the like
button and share it with others. And let me give a thanks to folks who support
this channel on Patreon and selected this topic as the winner for the month. Until next time, thanks for watching, and
have a great week!

100 thoughts on “Quiet Revolution: Technologies that will change the World”

  1. Also consider that ambulances by Hannah's time might not take people to the hospital. In 2001, American surgeons in New York performed surgery on a woman in France, via robot. All ambulances will likely be equipped with this technology, and people will receive treatment before they reach the hospital for outpatient recovery or are sent home to recover.

  2. For the life of me, I cannot comprehend why we need to be waiting till 2077 for that college system to exist. By all accounts, it should exist today, at least in first world countries. The internet already allows for that kind of system, we really need to ditch out antiquated methods of education.

  3. If you've ever watched "Zardoz" then that is how I see the future of computing and knowledge transfer within the next 50 years. No external hardware for the user as everything will go directly into the brain via a small implant, probably of a biological material which is genetically adapted to the individual so there are not problems with the body's defences.

  4. I really liked a lot of your vision of the future. I guess it's normal though that some of it actually disturbs me a bit. Not sure I'd like an AI deciding I need more exercise or need to take a tablet or things like that. Even if it's for my own good. Though the convenience of your future is something I'd really like, I might feel a bit bored of not being bored haha.

  5. Glad I'm alive now. More vissitudes and uncertainty for me, thank you. Convenience, predictably and saftey make people more homogeneous
    and easier to control. There will be less uniqueness and more uniformity. Life without an edge, or an underbelly? Hopefully, there will still be non virtual, off planet opportunities for explorers and the adventurous.

  6. The uncanny valley doesn't exist for me. When I see these modern robots in videos it doesn't bother me at all. I am fascinated by AI and technology in general.

  7. but what about privacy? do you predict people are prepared to lose so much of it for convenience? i don't mean the tinfoil-hat stuff, i mean real metrics and data gathering that can be used to manipulate the emotional state, mindset and even opinions of a person in a fully integrated world like this. stuff that is already well on its way, although still mostly confined to computer screens.. somehow i have to imagine a great backlash in the near future against this kind of sinister potential, no matter if it's explioted or not.. i'm not talking about a proper 'butleri jihad', but the need for some direct way of getting off the grid from time to time and/or the preference for localised data evaluation whenever it is possible.

  8. A perfect example of a secondary revolutionary affect is NASA's creation of the microwave tech during the moon race.

  9. I think a good way to deal with the uncanny valley is to stop thinking we are going to have androids, or shooting for robots that look human. You can make it more human like as far as personality or actions goes while dropping the human appearance relation. There's got to be a curve there that lets you go a lot further than current thinking.

  10. Hello I am from 2077.
    This is litte or no privacy these days.
    Mega Corps are the superpower now, with Google leading them.
    They don't follow any laws.
    From your point of view humanity will have a very dystopian future.

  11. If this 2077 look is what you want, then you want to be a drone, welcome to the borg. you can have all those things uploaded, what an easy thing to have happen, you can also have the government or your overlords upload your directives for the day. work harder, you find happiness in working 18 hours a day. eat this highly nutritious slop, you enjoy this slop so much. you are happy with being a drone, your masters, such as the UN, think you are doing a great job. what a good drone you are, what good drones your children are and their children will be and so on. While the masters enjoy life, eat steak and drink fine wines live in luxury as the rest of us drones live, breed, and die at their whim. screw you mate.

  12. I can't wait for these new innovations. Even though today I can have my phone or PC type this. But…I'm old. Remember dial phones? With a curly cord? They still work today.

  13. One thing I absolutely love about your videos is that you understand how intricately things affect everything else. That an effect is not just one thing but many many things.

  14. There was a web series called "H" that was about a virus introduced that killed those that had brain implants. Knowing the nature of mankind, no thank you to those implants.

  15. "She doesn't think about it much more than you or I think about our light bulbs."
    You are under estimating how much I think about light bulbs.

  16. All is cool but not necessary to live. Maybe many people choose to live without all those advanced technologies, "ultra-cheap low tech" may be dominant

  17. You forgot the part where Hannah lives in an irradiated hellscape where bands of what was formerly her nation's military loot and pillage their way across the dead, bleak land, murdering families for canned food and human flesh.

  18. Parachuting of a kilometre-tall building? Fah! I'm planning to go up to the orbital ring and base-jump off that! If that doesn't completely erase my fear of heights, nothing will.

    I often wonder how I survived back when I had to physically go to a public library during its limited business hours if I had a question that couldn't be answered by my own rather eclectic library at home, how I managed to put up with having to flick through numerous books looking for something I vaguely recalled was in one of them or hunting through numerous books looking for something that answered my questions.

    I remember the early search engines and how great they were compared with that – and now the search engines are so much better – if I make a typo or I'm not 100% certain on how to spell the name I'm looking up, Google will give me commonly-searched close matches that are spelled correctly – and recognise UK, NZ, AUS and US spellings of words and return all matches. If I ask "how do you recognise the symptoms of…" it will include answers like "guide to recognizing symptoms of…"

    I can watch things I'm interested in when I want to, not limited by a network's broadcasting schedule, I can pause when I want to so I can grab a coffee when the whim hits me or to stop and absorb or ponder the implications of what I've seen – or to laugh uncontrollably for five minutes without missing half the show.

    I can be part of a community of like-minded individuals that spans the globe – actually, I can be part of numerous communities that span the globe and note overlaps in the populations of those communities, recognising familiar faces and names of people I've never physically met but have interacted with in more than one setting – TV Tropes, YouTube, BAUT and so forth.

    I can order everything from clothes to camping gear to books to electronics online and get them delivered to my house having sought numerous opinions, read numerous reviews and seen recommendations by people I've never actually met but whose judgement I trust and then found the best price.

    How did I ever tolerate going into a store and having to wonder if the limited range of items were actually as good as the salesperson claimed?

    Answer: I had no bloody choice. Now I do. I'm no longer limited to what's available in the few stores in my own town, I no longer have to make an uninformed decision about a purchase or buy whatever's available.

  19. I have aspergers syndrome and I would love some of those body language reading technologies. Something to tell us what the other person's expression is so that eventually I memorize that facial expression and can understand without the computer telling me. Something that can recognize my proficiency in that non verbal communication increasing and show me my progress.

  20. For the record, some differences between 1917 and 1977.

    1917: A Boeing aircraft flies for the first time.
    1977: Space Shuttle Enterprise makes its first free-flight test.

    1917: French sculptor Auguste Rodin dies.
    1977: Colombian pop star Shakira is born.

    1917: Woodrow Wilson is president of the USA.
    1977: Jimmy Carter is president of the USA.

    1917: The founder of the Zeppelin Airship Company dies.
    1977: The Apple Computer Company is founded.

    1917: Forces of the British Empire defeat Ottoman Empire resistance in the Battle of Jerusalem and occupy the city.
    1977: The Likud Party of Memachem Begin wins national elections in the State of Israel.

    1917: World population is about 1.9 billion.
    1977: World population has more than doubled to 4.2 billion.

  21. Speaking from personal experience. I do not believe you would have people paying for fuel at the pump
    the reason for this is simple. The business wants you to buy their products in store. bringing you inside to pay entices this

  22. I dont like Hannas world, all drugs have collateral effects and she is taking drugs to wake up , brain implants are too invasive to be commonplace, I would only use brain implants to cure diseases or disabilities.

  23. I can't even imagine the technological Utopia mankind will inherit in the year 2317. Will the stars open up to us and unlock their home world's? Will we make the transition to post-biological conditions? Wish I could live to see it.

  24. My only disagreement is, I think pace of change suggested here is painfully slow compared to what reality will bring.
    I expect all of these changes and many more in less than 25 years, not 60.

  25. People knew better how to get rid of fleas and other pests.
    You are right about the vast improvements generally but rats, fleas and cockroaches look about 20 to 50 times more common now than the 1970s and 80s.
    The way we record things makes imaginery improvements in public health. Rats and fleas were rare when I was a kid.
    I can point out a bunch of reasons.
    My boss's car does suggest restaurants and whines when he is about to scrape it against a bollard or wall.
    So some of this stuff already happened.

  26. Could you please not show poverty and backwardness with a Black man but then the progressed and prosperous as white? Thanks

  27. Quantum computers and fusion technology will change EVERYTHING. We may have the universe by the short hairs if we're smart about its practice and opportunities.

  28. While the near instant availability of information is technically progress, I consider it a huge setback that made the average person less knowledgeable than before. First and foremost, the less effort it takes for you to get to that information, the easier it is to forget it. You just do not retain as much information as you used to, because now there is no effort in acquiring it, and no incentive to memorize it for later recall, if you can just google it again any time. It also made arguments on the internet something better not to get involved in. Most of the time people who end up arguing about a particular subject know next to nothing of it, they just google search their opposing arguments without having the bare minimum knowledge necessary to determine if any of those snippets they intend to portray as their own are even valid. I never write anything I couldn't repeat without the help of the internet, all my opinions and knowledge those opinions are based on are coming from me. This is my general stance, and this is why I have such a huge respect for you Isaac. You are just as well-spoken on your live streams as you are in your prerecorded videos, while most science channel presenters who presume to disseminate knowledge revert to mumbling morons when they are supposed to talk live, unscripted, off the top of their heads, they don't even seem to remember their earlier content.

    I always took pride in my lexical knowledge and the intellect I wield it with, but whenever I watch one of your videos about a subject I assumed to be very familiar with, I'm so humbled, I feel like a talking chimp by comparison.

    Best wishes from Hungary!

  29. The technologies you describe are pretty cool. Though, they are equally horrifying, I can already think of the innumerable ways for this technology to be hideously abused.

  30. I kind of expect that instead of going to all the effort of making simulations or robots that are super realistic, they might opt for something like a C-3PO approach; something humanoid that we anthropomorphize and grow attached to, but isn't risking falling into the uncanny valley route. A single slow moving part, or even a breakdown could make a normally completely humanoid-robot become nightmare fuel if its face started contorting unnaturally – and people could easily (even if there was a pop-up in their HUD) mistake a realistic robot for an actual human, which could be confusing at the least to an embarrassing faux pas at worst. Plus, you're gonna be paying a lot more for all the extra mechanisms to make subtle facial expressions – while they might be incredibly cheap, if you are making literally billions, that cost could add up.

    I am sure there will exist more life-like robots, but they will probably be quite uncommon, maybe even the kind of thing you'd see at the most high-end of places, just as extra pomp.

  31. Isaac, your understanding of technology and it’s significance in our everyday lives in general is truly profound?????

  32. That sandwich at 23:04 looks absolutely delicious! >.<
    If you’re looking for things that you personally can do to scale back the influence/wealth of the powerful (In the US, Russia, China or anywhere else.), AND at the same time increase your own, start with these 7 things:

    1) Save at LEAST 10% of all you earn.  If you are not saving at least that amount you are no better then a slave living for what your master gives you to eat. (Get yourself a free PDF copy of “The Richest Man in Babylon”: http://horizonspeakers.com/wp-content/uploads/ebooks/the-richest-man-in-babylon.pdf  Easiest book you’ll ever read on personal finance and is taught in parable so enjoyable to read as well.)

    2) Keep your money in physical form.  Either in Gold, Silver or, more pragmatically, physical currency (Remember in the most resent financial panics in the US (2008), Cyprus (2012), Greece (2015), etc. people were trying to get physical cash, not Gold or Silver.).  If you must use the banking system only use Credit Unions or Savings and Loans.  Keep only as much currency in it as you need for expenses over the course of a couple of weeks or a month tops (Business owners will need more because of tax and logistical reasons.).

    3) If you’re a wage slave paying down a lot of debt talk to an attorney about bankruptcy.  You are doing your patriotic duty by not repaying banks.  Fractional reserve banking is fraud so don’t lose a single nights sleep if you don’t repay another cent of it!   (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iFDe5kUUyT0&list=PLE88E9ICdipidHkTehs1VbFzgwrq1jkUJ&index=4)

    4) Speaking of being a wage slave, if you’re getting a refund at the end of the year then you need to change your withholding status so you OWE at the end of the year.  Why give the government a free loan for a year while you are paying 100+% from a payday lender?!?!  Society trains you to be a slave, that doesn’t mean you actually have to be one!

    5) When possible use physical cash when you purchase things.  This helps by a) making it hard for the powerful to profile you and add you to their metadata. b) allows those so inclined to reduce the power of government by being “tax neutral”. c) supports the poor by making merchants obligated to accept cash through your free market choice to use currency, as opposed to governments tyrannically passing laws forcing merchants to accept it (https://www.businessinsider.com/amazon-starbucks-cashless-plans-could-hurt-poor-unbanked-2018-1).

    6) Try keeping your patronage away from large entities,  i.e. don't use Google use DuckDuckGo.com or some other small search engine that does not have massive power and also tries not to keep personal search information.  As I always say, " Whenever you centralize power it always helps the powerful." And yes I realize the irony of saying this on a Google owned platform.  🙂

    7) Vote 3rd party, preferably one that pays lip service to freedom and liberty.  Your vote doesn't really count anyway so you might as well make the powerful pay more for the privilege of owning you by adding the number of parties that they have to bribe (Remember action 6 above.)! 

    8) Copy and paste this list to any future posts that you make on Youtube, or anywhere else for that matter.  The only thing better then you doing these things is getting OTHERS to do them as well.

    You can search the internet for other actions that you can take and if you have any  good ones feel free to let me know.  The first two are hands down the best an individual can do (Least effort and most effective.).

  33. A person living in 1917 wouldn't have had that different a life then the person in 1717. The tech ball really started rolling during the 20th century.

  34. forgive my scepticism, but i feel that tech enslaves us first, and makes life better -second. Tech is driven by market forces, the profit motive and the system do the rest – it might be unfair to blame the tech – the mutant spore of the system that bore it. Sorry for being negative but i am – that does not mean that i would not put my hand up for the complete suite of genofixed drugs, more that i would.

  35. @ 8:41 Hannah 's mouth guard is now available @ snowhite.pro . The inventors may have seen this video.

  36. Thanks for another great video! When you say you consider the coffee maker one of the greatest inventions [and I assume you're being serious, of course], do you mean the Mr. Coffee automatic brewer type, or ANY coffee maker, such as the old percolator types I grew up with? I ask because, if you have roasted ground beans, a filter & hot water, you have a coffee maker in that sense. I actually have a coffee grinder, myself (which I don't use nearly enough!) Now, on to weightier matters. One of the things that bothers me about many predictions of the future – including the scenarios you mentioned here – is privacy, including but not limited to that kind of privacy that includes security of personal information. To wit, there doesn't seem to be a whole lot of that in most predictions of the future; and that bothers me a LOT. I suppose it's possible that humanity may, indeed, one day live in the kind of society where no one has to worry even though anybody who gets near them is automatically 'sent' their name [& who know what other information?] via wireless communications of whatever form. Maybe they'll be able to 'disable' that function; maybe they'll just be implanted with it at birth & have no say-so. Who knows? But any society THAT connected would, no doubt, frown on anyone who bucked that system by disconnecting! Indeed, there might not be any real way of functioning normally in such a society WITHOUT staying connected in ways that give me the creeps. I'm not normally a very paranoid person, but the idea that any computer I passed withing RFID range of would (or, at least, certainly COULD) automatically know my name, my phone number, where I work, etc., etc. (& goodness knows, they'd be EVERYWHERE!), is a world in which I'd feel paranoid just leaving the house! Hacking is NOT a fad, it's an industry. And as they point out in a commercial that runs today, if it were listed on NASDAQ, it'd be in the Fortune 500 (or better!) For all I know, the future might end up being one in which people opt out of such technologies precisely because of hacking concerns! I mean, good grief! Why not just have all our brain waves piped directly into the Plan of Man computer? That way, it can tell when we're not happy, & stimulate the release of endorphins? My point is, where does that sort of thing stop? In most future-predictions, it simply doesn't. And that's not realistic in my book. Just because a technology exists – or might exist – doesn't mean it's automatically good or beneficial. I fully acknowledge that it ALSO doesn't mean it's automatically bad! BUT, people often ARE. In a world where human evil is an ongoing concern, I already feel my privacy is being violated by companies like Facebook. I don't have a Facebook account. I have never had one, & never will. Nevertheless, it's almost certain that they have an account on – & about – ME. They say it's for "security reasons." And THAT scares me s**tless. What's to keep some future government from appropriating all that info for their own "security reasons"? [Assuming that hasn't happened already?!?] THAT scares me s**tless. tavi.

  37. I love the VR clip at 2:26 the main focus of the shot seems to be the guy there in the middle, everyone else seems to be having a blast and he… he is just having none of it xD

  38. I feel bad for saying this, but when you think about the differences between the 1717 and 2017 people, I would say that the 2077 tech probably won't mature or roll out to the extent discussed until 2117 at the earliest. That's always the issue – doesn't matter when a given tech is first invented, but rather when it's commonplace, that decides when it becomes transformative to society.

  39. You're missing huge discussion about the future of sex. Unless you predict that that's going to go away in the future,

  40. If privacy is a concern even now, when advertisers only get access to all your browsing data, do you really thing nobody won't raise an eyebrow when a "peaceful advertiser" gets access to all your eating habits? Never, absolutely never it will ever happen. (22:45) Advertisers will get less and less information that a person deems personal enough and it will get harder and harder to extract any info from them, because helpful "electronic shadows" will be actively protecting people from harmful scanning in red flashing exclamation marks in a corner of an eye. Advertisers will be developing more sophisticated AI patterns to learn from what little bits of information they receive to guess at least a simple question "are you human or not?" or "where were you born, in Europe or Asia" with 51% accuracy on guessing those question will be deemed accurate enough.

  41. I'd have to say, this is the most conservative look to the future that Issac has made. But I like it as a straw man to think more about how these will happen much sooner.

  42. Rectenna devices…. I note that Mr Arthur did not specify where one sticks the device…I do hope the clue is not in the name.

  43. Icarus Son of Daedalus who dared to fly too near the sun on wings of feathers and wax. Giving one pair to his son, he cautioned him that flying too near the sun would cause the wax to melt. But Icarus became ecstatic with the ability to fly and forgot his father's warning. The feathers came loose and Icarus plunged to his death in the sea. This is your future man of the book .

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