How to Start a Podcast (2019 Tutorial) ? Equipment & Software

– Hi, my name is Pat Flynn
and I’m here to help you get your podcast up and
running in no time at all. It’s exciting because a
podcast has changed my life in so many different ways,
not just my business, but also my personal life. It’s helped me make a better
connection with my audience, but more than that, it’s helped
open up so many new doors and opportunities for me, from speaking to writing
books to selling courses and all kind of other things, too, so I’m excited that you’re
diving into podcasting, too. Now, to start out with, in this video, we’re gonna talk about
equipment and software and all the things that you
might need to get set up and running on a budget. I’m not gonna make you
spend a bunch of money on all these big random boxes
which, yes, they are useful, they will help, but actually, you don’t need that to get started. I want to remove all the
overwhelm and distractions for you and just get you going right away. Also, make sure you
stick around to the end, because I’m gonna give
you exactly what you need to figure out now the mandatory
items for your podcast that you need or else
you can’t move forward. So, let’s just dive right in with the equipment that we need. So, obviously, we’re
starting a podcast here and people are going to be
listening to your voice. You want to make sure you
have the right tool that can help best send that voice
over to that person’s ear when they’re listening to your show. You can have the best
content in the world but if it doesn’t sound great, people aren’t going to be
listening to you for that long. Now, there’s a wide range of
microphones available to you to help you produce your
podcast and you can spend anywhere between $20 for a cheapo mic or even thousands of dollars for your best-sounding
broadcasting type microphone. For your podcast, though, again, I want to make things easy for you and I want to make sure that you don’t need any of the other external
boxes and all these cords that, yes, professional broadcasters use but we live in a time now where
you don’t need all that stuff, still, to sound like a pro. The microphone that I would recommend that you start out with
is this one right here, which is the Audio-Technica ATR 2100 USB. The price of this microphone
is under $100, which is great. It also comes with a stand, a USB cord, and an XLR connection. Now, the beauty of this
microphone is that you don’t need this XLR cable and the mixers
and all those other things that a professional
broadcaster might need. All you need is a USB
connection, which it comes with, to your computer to help you sound great. It also comes with a little mic stand, which I would actually recommend replacing with this next item. Instead of using a stand, I would recommend using one
these boom arms for your mic. This allows you to
connect your microphone, hook this down on your desk
using this little clamp here. This fits in and then you’re able to bring the microphone to your
face, keep it off your desk, and allows you just more flexibility. Now, in addition to that,
I would also recommend what’s called a shock mount. Now, a shock mount, as you can see here, allows the microphone to be
suspended sort of in mid-air and what this does is it
allows for the vibrations from your table and your
computer and any other equipment, perhaps you might bang on
your microphone a little bit, it allows the vibrations to be absorbed by these little rubber bands here and have the sound not in your mic. Then, finally, the last
thing you need is something that helps you reduce the plosives. What are plosives? Plosives are your
B-words and P-words that, when you blow into the
microphone with those letters, it will create a popping
sound and you do not want that so you can use what’s
called a pop filer or something like a wind screen to help stop the plosives from happening. Okay, so to recap those
things one more time, you have the microphone, the
boom arm, the shock mount, the wind screen or pop
filter and then, of course, you need to plug it in, a
USB and if you need a dongle, you can use a dongle,
too and then finally, the links to these products
are below this video. All right, so after you plug in, make sure that you fire the mic on and then go into your systems
preferences into your computer and find the sound and just make sure that the ATR USB microphone or
the mic that you plug in is the one that’s highlighted
so that we know that the sound from our voice is going through the mic and into the computer. Now that we’re done
hooking up our equipment, we’re going to dive into
our editing software so that we can record our voice,
chop up those audio clips, and also create what would be, eventually, a podcast episode. Now, to start, you’re gonna
watch me to a super-quick and basic tutorial on GarageBand,
which is for Mac users. If you’re on a PC, you can use Audacity, which is also free, too. All right, so I’m gonna keep
this super short and sweet, however, if you want a
more detailed tutorial about GarageBand or Audacity, I have a tutorial for each of
them, both below this video. Okay, so really quick, we’re gonna open up an empty
project here in GarageBand and then, really quick, we
just want to make sure that the microphone that we have selected is the one that we want. So, as you can see here, Input 1, it does say the ATR USB
microphone, so we’re clear there and we are just recording
using our microphone, so great. We’re gonna hit Create and
you’re gonna now see one track. This is a single track and
tracks work like layers. If I had a second track,
which I could add down here if I wanted to by hitting that Plus symbol and doing the same thing. I can hit Create and now I
can see two audio tracks. Depending on the one that I’m highlighted on is the one that’s gonna be recording. Now, why would you need separate tracks? You would need separate
tracks for different voices. Perhaps one track is
just for the interview that you’re recording or
maybe you have some music or voiceovers that you’re just gonna drag and drop into this. Either way, it’s nice to
have it organized like that and now just have it all live on one line. Now, before we get going here, remember, we are recording a podcast,
not producing music, which GarageBand is primarily built for, so we’re gonna change the settings here from Bars And Beats to
Time and to do that, we just need to click on
this drop-down menu here and select Time. As you can see, now we have
an understanding of how long we would have podcasted
for and we can turn off these other devices
here, like the countdown or the metronome and now we’re
all set to begin recording. To record, all you have to do
is hit the red button there or R on your keyboard, like this. Now, I’m recording an episode
and as you can hear and see as you’re following along,
you can see waveforms depending on when I speak
and how loud I speak, too. Now, looking back here,
we can see a playback. We can actually drag this
playhead all the way back to the beginning and we can hit Play and we can listen to
exactly what we just said. Now, I’m recording an episode
and as you can hear and see as you’re following along,
you can see waveforms depending on when I speak
and how loud I speak, too. As you can see there, when
I got a little bit louder, the waveforms are much higher. Now, just some really
basic editing tips for you. You want to make sure
that when you’re editing, you get as precise as
possible and, to do that, you will need to zoom into
those parts that you want to delete, or change, or move around. So, let’s zoom in really quick. You can do that a couple
ways by dragging this slider over if you wanted to or you
can just use the pinch zoom on your laptop if you
have one of those as well. What I want to do is get
rid of that loud part. Let’s say I just didn’t want that anymore. So, I’m gonna find that
loud part and I know because of that waveform that typically
would start right there and if I were to play, you
would hear that loud moment. How loud. But let’s say I wanted to get rid of that because it just didn’t
fit into my episode. Maybe it was a mistake. Sometimes, you might sneeze
or cough during an episode. There are gonna be moments when you’ll want to take something out. To take something out, all
you have to do is essentially split this recording into two
and then remove that part. So, to do that, all you
have to do, really simply, is to move that playhead
to where you want to make that split, you go to Edit and then hit Split Regions At Playhead. The shortcut here is Command-T, so I’m gonna do that right now and you should see it split into two. Now, if I want to get rid of this one, I can just delete it and there, it’s gone. Now, let’s say I didn’t
want to do that but I actually wanted to insert
something in the middle. So, I’m actually going
to undo my delete there. I’m gonna slide this over and now I’m gonna record
something in the middle here, just simply by pressing Record like this. Hey, this is the recording in the middle. Woo-hoo! And now, I know there’s a gap here so I’m gonna move this over
just a little bit and now I’m gonna play all of it, starting from before
that gap and then after. Depending on when I speak and hey, this is the recording in the middle. Woo-hoo! How loud I speak, too. Now, before moving on, one
more really important tip. When you are recording audio, the last thing you want to do is record audio that’s too loud. The technical term for this is getting too hot with your mic, meaning that it is so loud that
when a person listens to it on the other end, it sounds distorted. The way that you can check to
see if your audio is too loud is either by looking at these waveforms. If these waveforms extend
beyond the sides of this track here, then it is too loud. Or, as you’re recording, you’re
able to see this green bar move into the yellow. Yellow is okay but if
it gets ever to the red, then that means that you
are probably too loud. I’m gonna hit Record here and
do a little clicking noise that I know will fire
off a red mark here and you’ll see exactly what happens and also what it looks like on the waveform, too. Like this. (clicking tongue) You see how it bumped up to the red there? Now, look at this mark here. It goes from all the way
to the top to the bottom. That is too loud and it will
never, ever be processed away, even with as much editing
as you wanted to do, in a way that sounds great for the user listening to your podcast. So, the best practice
is to play around with the audio volume before you record so that it gets as high as it can be without firing off to the red at
your natural sounding voice. Finally, I want to share
with you how easy it is to import audio files from elsewhere into this podcast episode, for example, voiceover work or, perhaps, some music. All you have to do is
download that music and if it’s music, make
sure it’s royalty-free. I’m going to drag and drop that file into this second track here. There you see the waveforms pop up and if I drag this over to the beginning, now, when I hit Play here, you’re probably gonna
hear the music at first and then my voice come in. However, I can already tell that the music’s gonna be too loud. I’ll show you how to solve
that in just a minute but let me hit Play and see what happens. (upbeat jazzy music drowning
out prerecorded voice) You can barely hear my voice. So, what do we need to do? We need to adjust the
levels both of ourselves and the audio file here from the music. So, to do the music,
really quick, quite simply, you just have to turn the volume down for all of them if you wanted to do that. In the more technical tutorial
that I share with you, I show you how to fade out
and do things like that. But, this one, let’s just turn
this down maybe 15 decibels and play with that. A lot of what this is,
is just experimentation, because you can always change
things and keep going through to make sure it gets better
and better, so let’s hit Play and see what happens now. (upbeat jazzy music) And now, I’m recording an episode and as you can hear and see as
you are following along, you can see waveforms depending– It’s getting a little bit better. Let’s turn it down even more. And now, I’m recording and
episode and as you can hear (upbeat jazzy music) and see as you are following along, you can see waveforms
depending on when I speak– Sounds a little bit better. Now, we can obviously, continue
on and make this perfect but we don’t need to do that right now. What we need to do is
continue talking about the rest of this tutorial
so we can get you set up. All right, so now, you understand about your podcasting equipment
and your podcasting software. You can go ahead and get
set up with those now. You can place your orders
so you can have time for those things to come
in but really quickly, I need to share with you
some important things that you have to nail down before you can actually get your podcast published. All right, three things. Number one, you need to pick
a podcast name or show title. Now, a lot of people ask me
questions about this, such as: “Pat, can I use my name as the podcast, “like The Tim Ferriss Show?” Absolutely. “Can I use the name of my
brand to create my podcast?” Yes, like the Smart
Passive Income Podcast. “Can I do something that’s
not my brand name and “not my name but it’s just the
name of the podcast itself?” Yes, you can, just like Amy Porterfield’s The Online Marketing Made Easy Podcast. You want to pick a name
that works for you. Now, of course, you could
spend a year coming up with the perfect name and
my biggest advice to anybody starting anything is that at some point, you’re gonna eventually have to just pick something and move on. Is it a permanent thing? No, you can always change it later, so that should help you out. Next, you’re gonna have to come up with some sort of show description. This is gonna be a summary and really, your pitch for why people should
be listening to your show. This is what’s gonna live on
iTunes and other directories and it’s gonna be what
people read to decide, yes, I want to listen to this
or no, this is not for me. Also, keep in mind what keywords to include in the show description. Don’t keyword stuff. Don’t make it sound unnatural. Remember, human beings are reading this. But, do include certain
keywords that you know that your audience is going to be, perhaps, typing in because iTunes is also, in addition to a podcasting
directory, it’s a search engine. Then, finally, really important, you’re gonna need to create
some sort of podcast artwork, meaning a cover for your podcast. This is what people see, actually, before they listen to any of your show so it’s really important that
you spend some time with this and so go into the
categories that you think you’re gonna be involved with. Look at what’s there. See how you might be able
to stand out from the crowd and eventually, you’ll need to create, whether on your own or you
hire somebody else to do it, a 3000 by 3000 pixel square image that has your podcast artwork,
and perhaps your show name and whatever other elements you want, but don’t put too much in
there because, remember, people are looking and finding these podcasts on their phones, so you want it to look great at a small, scaled-down level, too. All right, now there’s a couple
things you can do from here. Obviously, you can watch the next video, which is gonna walk you through
a number of recording tips, how to do interviews,
exporting your podcast, those kinds of things, but I would highly
recommend you also download The Podcast Cheat Sheet. It’s a free guide I have for you. It’s gonna walk you through a lot of the more finer details of
the start of your podcast, like how to actually make sure your show stands out from the crowd, how to plan your first few
episodes, that kind of thing. The link for The Podcast
Cheat Sheet will be below this video on YouTube
here so open up the description. You’ll see The Podcast
Cheat Sheet right there. Click through. You’ll get access to it right away and it will help you through a
lot of these beginning stages, especially here for the first video here in this mini-course. So, awesome job. Keep up the good work and I’ll
see you in the next video. Or, if you have dongle, that’s
needed, you can put those– (laughing) (electronic beeping) Use … Darn it! (electronic beeping) Just– No, we can do it better. We can do it perfect. Okay, one more time. (electronic beeping) USB and if you need a dongle,
you can use a dongle, too. (chuckling)

100 thoughts on “How to Start a Podcast (2019 Tutorial) ? Equipment & Software”

  1. Thanks for watching the updated podcasting tutorial! Here's a link to the cheat sheet mentioned in this video with the checklist and some helpful tips as you start:

  2. Hey Pat, just watched all 3 of this series you put out and it really was great. Just one question, if I am having a 2 person podcast do I need to buy all this equipment times 2?

  3. This is a great tutorial! Very insightful! Appreciate it man! Looking forward to starting my Podcast!

  4. I have a 400$ tube mic. But I use my audeze Mobius headphones with boom mic connected directly into my USB type c port on my phone. Very Omni directional boom mic and it sounds amazing! Especially for on the go. I usually use it to sing with apps like Smule and it's great quality. But then again the headphones cost 400$ but if you want a 20$ mic get a behringer xm8500 . I can't give that mic enough praise. It's a really great mic.

  5. Thanks for the cheat sheet! That’s an awesome tool. I have a YouTube channel with 7500 subscribers and I have decided to also create a podcast. Working on getting set up now! Your instruction is terrific

  6. Someone help me. Im new to this. I keep getting a little feedback when I plug my usb cord for the mic into the laptop. I cant figure out how to stop this. I've tried stepping away from the laptop speakers when using the mic but I still get feedback ?

  7. hey guys, can yall check out my podcast, called Cat talks. I'd really appreciate it. I just started it, and I talk about random topics.

  8. He confused pop filter and windscreen (pop filter is the circular thing he led up) there have different aims but at this level there very similar

  9. So I ended up ordering the equipment from the links provided and once everything arrived, I noticed the shock mount is not compatible with the adjustable stand. OOPS!! Need to update your links. Now I have two pieces of gear that are incompatible w/o the purchase of more stuff…

  10. I love you man
    very clear and amazing video

    I will start a podcast channel for my Toastmasters club
    because there are many beautiful inspiring personal speeches that I saw
    And I would love to share them with the world
    So that the people benefit and enjoy, and the speaker benefit and become famous

  11. Thank you so much for making this video Pat! Im Taking my first steps into creating a podcast and this was perfect! Keep making great content!

  12. Encouraging and informative. Well done video. You are touching the lives of other creators if the comments section is any indication. Thank you, Pat.

  13. Thanks for the info . But I didn’t really mention like a cool sound proof room to sort of cancel out back ground noise

  14. This sounds a lot like if you're trying to get into the music business and start up a little studio with the microphone and you mixers and your modulator and a computer and software engineering mixed with video

  15. We once heard someone that was recorded sooooooooooooooo crystal clear that we thought he was in the room with us.
    We just stared at each other in awwwwwwwww.
    That was like 12 years ago.
    We still haven’t found out how he did. Never again heard anything like it.

  16. Hey Pat, just wanted to let you know I listen to your podcast every time you upload anything new and I like it a lot, I am interested in starting a podcast and just listened to the state of podcasting 2019 just today, glad to hear about Spotify, I am super glad I found you here, you were the first suggestion as well which is great, keep up the good work I really enjoy the show.

  17. Looking to try out a 3 mic podcast setup with video cheap and with as little post work as possible (cutting in between scenes etc).. what would you recommend to purchase?

  18. Hey Pat. Would you recommend an ATR-2100 as an entry-level MIC for someone who already has a 2i2/XLR device? Or would you rather go to something like the SE Electronics V7, or something on those lines? Thanks!

  19. OH MY GOSH Thank you SO SO much for making this video! I have been wanting to make a podcast for a long time, but had no idea where to start. Thanks so much for making it easy! 🙂

  20. Only thing I would recommend as an audio guy is never to do an in person interview with a microphone with a switch on it. It is almost a guarantee that your guest or yourself will fidget and turn that switch off at the worst possible moment.

  21. Equipment: Headphones, Audio Card, Microphone, and stuff.

    Me: Phone and FLStudio

    Yeah that's about right

  22. So I could follow you all the way to the recording, but when I recored, I can't see any waves, just a straight line, however, when I listening, I can hear my voice, but very quietly and very bad quietly. Any ideas, what am I doing wrong please?

  23. Listen to my podcast MusingZ of a G on anchor. It’s taking so long for my podcast to be on Apple. Why?

  24. just want to post this here but something to note about using the word "podcast"


    In encountering your website via a search on google after hearing a "Podcast" host make a reference to your company. The following can be noted as misuse of the term "Podcast" within the website advertising. The misuse is against the copyright of Apple Inc. Explained in detail  as follows:

         Any search of the term "Podcast" online shows that podcast by their conceptual nature and their creation are totally and 100% free. Attempting to monetize or change the media format of an audio or video "Podcast" to be "exclusive" or "Premium" means the term "Podcast" is being used in a misleading manner. The terms "Premium broadcast" or "internet radio"or other terms indicating the nature of the media content and the license for its use, need to be used in place of the term "Podcast". Any media content labeled "Podcast" are implied as free to the consumer by the very term "Podcast" and always must remain, so long as the term "Podcast" is used to describe the media content therein, be it audio or video content and the copyright on the brand name "iPod" is in place by Apple Inc. "Podcast" are an extension of Apple Inc. by incorporating a brand copyright in its term and thus that brand and terms understanding within the consumer/advertising market.  Giving tools to monetize this content as exclusives or "Premium subscriber only content" changes how the term is used and thus makes it inappropriate and essentially false advertising for any consumer or potential advertising client. This also stands to negatively impact the term "Podcast" and the brand name "iPod" in the consumer mind and thus Impact the platforms it originates from and takes its "iPod" copyrighted term from. These platforms being iTunes and the IOS/MacOS ecosystem".  this violates the agreements and regulations set fourth by Apple Inc. for the use of their brand names in advertisements. By implementing the term "Podcast" and monetizing a known free product that Apple Inc. states is free and that product is associated with Apple Inc. your company is fundamentally acting against the term and the consumer/copyright holders interest.

    Please take steps to address this and see below for direct examples.  

    "Podcast" is a derivative of Apple's iTunes platform and a combination of the copyrighted brand name "iPod" and the term "broadcast".  Please refer to Apple's guidelines on the use of their brand names within advertising 

    "Depictions of Apple Products

    1. Endorsement or Sponsorship: Apple does not support the use of its logos, company names, product names, or images of Apple products by other parties in marketing, promotional or advertising materials as their use may create the perception that Apple endorses or sponsors the product, service or promotion.

    2. Compatibility: If you are a developer, you may show an image of an Apple product in your promotional/advertising materials to depict that your product is compatible with, or otherwise works with, the Apple product or technology, provided you comply with the following requirements:

    a. Your product is in fact compatible with, or otherwise works with, the referenced Apple product.

    b. The image is an actual photograph of the genuine Apple product and not an artist’s rendering (Note: You must obtain express written permission from Apple before using any photograph owned or licensed by Apple).

    c. The Apple product is shown only in the best light, in a manner or context that reflects favorably on the Apple products and on Apple Inc.

    d. The reference to Apple does not create a sense of endorsement or sponsorship by, or other false association with, Apple or Apple products.

    For further information with respect to Apple’s copyrights, please submit your request in writing to the Copyright Team.

    ( Multiple sections, not just section cited.

    Also see the term definition according to Apple and their FAQ from apples own page. (

    What is a podcast?

    Podcasts are episodes of a program available on the Internet. Podcasts are usually original audio or video recordings, but can also be recorded broadcasts of a television or radio program, a lecture, a performance, or other event.

    Podcasts usually offer each episode in the same file format, such as audio or video, so that subscribers can enjoy the program the same way each time. Some podcasts, such as language courses, include multiple file formats, such as video and documents, to teach more effectively.

    For podcast listeners, podcasts are a way to enjoy great content from around the world for free. For podcast publishers, podcasts are a great way to reach a wide audience.

    Apple does not directly provide podcast updates or episodes. When you subscribe to a podcast using the Podcasts app for iOS, or using iTunes on your Mac or PC, you are subscribing to the podcast updates by that particular podcast producer. With iCloud, you can synchronize your podcast subscriptions across all devices.

    From wired ( General public consensus on the term "Podcast".

    "PODCASTS MAY BE the new radio, but listening to these downloadable shows requires more effort than just twisting a dial. The rewards, however, are much richer: the latest in politics and culture, interviews with your favorite celebrities, serial dramas, and comedy aplenty. All of this programming is available for free; just install an app on your phone and download the shows you want to hear. So rich is the abundance of great podcasts and apps, diving in can be overwhelming. So we've done the dirty work—here's a guide to help get you started."

    Please remove the term "Podcast" in use with any relation to the terms "premium", "exclusive" or "Patron" as none of these have any relation to the term "Podcast" or Apple Inc.

  25. Hi Pat, I'm starting a podcast and was told by a friend who works in the podcast space that I should trademark my (podcast) name. What do you think? I've heard different opinions on this…..Thanks!

  26. I need to record 2 people with 2 microphones, I one end of the microphone's XLR to XLR cable into the USB interface. Plug headphones into AUX, and what next? How do I connect the audio interface with my PC? How do I record from both mics separately?

    I've got a mixer and a amplifier, which I have no clue what to do with. Can someone help? I'm using Windows btw, not Mac OS.

  27. Thanks for the tips I've been thinking about starting my podcast for patreon but so far my vlogging for youtube is getting a head start as well, cant wait to start. Gotta start somewhere, sometime. Thanks again ?

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