Critical Thinking #1: What is Critical Thinking?


Bienvenue dans la mini série du David Pakman show sur la pensée critique. La pensée critique, généralement parlant, est l’analyse de problèmes dans le but de former un jugement. C’est un sujet assez vaste, mais dans cette mini série nous allons évoquer les fondamentaux de l’argumentation, de l’épistémologie, des raisonnements fallacieux, ainsi que d’autres outils pour parfaire votre esprit critique. Pourquoi l’esprit critique est important ? C’est important car tout le monde pense et la qualité de nos raisonnements affecte qui nous somme et ce que nous faisons. Que cela soit notre bien-être personnel, notre démocratie ou le monde qui nous entoure, et ce d’innombrables manières. Et raisonner de façon erronée ou incomplète peut avoir de lourdes conséquences. Que peut apporter la pensée critique ? L’objectivité. La lucidité. L’ouverture d’esprit. Une communication plus efficace. La capacité de se poser les bonnes questions. De collecter et d’interpréter les informations en rapport avec les questions que l’on se pose, ainsi que de former des réponses et conclusion rationnelles. De trouver des solutions aux problèmes. Les grandes lignes de la pensée critique incluent : La clarté l’élaboration, les exemples, les illustrations. La véracité la vérification, les observations, les expériences. La spécificité la précision, les détails La pertinence ‘Quel est le lien avec le problème ou la question posée ?’ ‘Comment cela nous aide t-il à résoudre le problème ou répondre à la question ?’ Et la logique ‘Est-ce que cela fait sens ?’ Cette mini série est une introduction à la logique ainsi qu’aux autres concepts de la pensée critique Concepts qui malheureusement ne sont pas enseignés dans la plupart des écoles américaines. Nous savons que beaucoup dans notre publique sont déjà familiers avec certains de ces sujets. Cependant nous avons créé cette série avec l’espoir d’atteindre ces personnes qui n’ont pas encore appris ces concepts d’un point de vue technique. Bonne vidéo La création de cette mini série sur la pensée critique a été rendue en partie possible par ‘Hover’. La visibilité de votre marque sur internet est en grande partie due à votre site web. Et bien sûr la partie la plus important de votre site web est votre nom de domaine. Une des erreurs les plus courantes que les gens font en créant leur sites internet est d’acheter leur noms de domaine chez leur hébergeurs. Il peut être préférable de dissocier votre nom de domaine de votre hébergeur pour un certain nombre de raisons : si vous changez d’hébergeur vous pourrez garder votre domaine, si votre site est attaqué, vous pourrez toujours accéder à votre ‘dashboard’, les meilleurs registraires de nom de domaine ne sont pas toujours les meilleurs pour gérer votre site web, et la liste continue. Le fait est que vous limitez vos possibilités si vous achetez votre domaine chez votre hébergeur. Et c’est ici que ‘Hover’ entre en jeu. ‘Hover’ est un registraires de nom de domaine offrant des prix abordables et des centaines d’extensions de nom de domaine. Vous pouvez connecter un nom de domaine à n’importe quel hébergeur ou générateur de site web avec juste quelques cliques et vous en avez fini. L’interface soignée et facile d’utilisation de ‘Hover’ est sans pareille, et leur service clientèle est toujours là pour vous assister. Visitez hover.com/Pakman Pour obtenir 10% de remise sur votre premier achat, utilisez le code promotion PAKMAN

65 thoughts on “Critical Thinking #1: What is Critical Thinking?”

  1. one vital bit missing and why critical thinking isn't applied by everyone…discarding belief is required. it can be inferred from being objective…but many won't associate their belief(s) as an influencing factor to their objectivity when it most certainly is. i am glad you're doing this series but you may have to start with the basic of basics if you want to teach complete novices.

    another example "gut feelings" or "feels" should be analyzed rather than just accepted and unless specifically stated most will still pay credence to those and then rationalize around that rather than analyzing their validity. they'll claim that it's logical or critical thought that brought them to that conclusion. to more than a few rationalizing their beliefs IS critical thought…sad but true. "i'm thinking and my conclusion matches my beliefs/feels/ideology so it must be true."

    et al: you might have to explain terms a little more broadly…baby steps.

  2. This is so necessary. I can't seem to find a good "Idiot's Guide to Critical Thinking…for Dummies!" 😀

  3. David, what do U think of my thoughts? I'm convinced more each day, that tRUmps, distractions are valdy pootins, distractions! tRUmp his his puppet, and while we focus on tRUmp and his #BS, valdy pootin and his CRETIN MINIONS in Moscow are and have pulled a fast one on the USA, and have more in mind for disruption here in America!

  4. I have to commend you on this David. Im always critical of the number of anti- Trump videos on your channel. This looks like it's going to be an interesting miniseries that adds something new to the channel. Great idea.

  5. Great idea for a miniseries, guys; keep it up. I've had the show on my radar for a number of years and it's really good to see it develop and continue to maintain a certain quality of reporting and analysis.

  6. I'm looking forward to this. Seems well-structured and thorough at first glance. As someone who's been through a few different types of formal systems I'm curious about that part (logic), but I guess I can't expect a series on critical thinking to get bogged down by extensions from the Hilbert system into the natural deduction system and a whole host of details surrounding how you define those systems inductively (with discrete mathematics being a crucial part of that description), etc, etc.

  7. It seems a bit self-defeating to have David running a mini-series like this. If you engage in critical thinking, you cannot possibly be on the Left.

  8. I teach critical thinking, and one of the skills I really work on helping my students develop is the ability to reconstruct the arguments they're evaluating in a standardized "premise 1, premise 2, …. conclusion" form. This makes it much easier to check (1) Whether the premises, if true, really would support the conclusion, and (2) Whether any of the premises, and which ones, are open to challenge. It also helps prevent two debating parties from talking past or strawmanning each other if they can agree on a common argument construction.

  9. Your mini-series on critical thinking will be extremely valuable to the Trumpanzees who watch your videos. When PT Barnum stated that there's a sucker born every minute, he knew that there were about 30% of the population who would either drop out of school or be subjected to home schooling by fundamentalist Christians and who would never learn critical thinking skills.

  10. HAHAHA if you listen to a Jew tell you how to think you're always screwed. I tried listening to Sam Harris once it was having someone insult my intelligence for 5 minutes then I shut it off. I mean if a lie is 90% truth it's still just a very good lie.

  11. I’ve never understood why these things needed to be taught. As in I think they should be common knowledge at this point. But then again, so many people are incapable of it.

  12. Thank you for creating this mini-series. Critical thinking used to be taught in schools but has been suppressed over the last several decades. You are performing an important public service! 🙂

  13. The vast majority of Europeans think like this automatically, its part of their environment, upbringing and education. Even when they don't agree with each other they can generally see the other persons point of view. In the US the vast majority are uneducated and seem to have utterly bizarre ideas about their own views and beliefs none of which stand up to any form of logic.

  14. I'm not sure I want to learn about critical thinking from a man who has a video on youtube entitled "Jesus Was Probably Gay."

  15. David, have you read the book, "Thinking Fast and Slow"? This discusses fallacies that newer science has found that differ from what many of us think about "thinking". It is not on classic "logic" as your series is.
    For example: Why are longterm government projects usually underfunded. clue: it isn't just bad motive. Instead, it is the naturally over-optimistic thinking that happens during planning. This idealism leads to discounting "worst case" scenarios, or not even thinking about them at all.

    Thinking, Fast and Slow Paperback – October 25, 2011
    by Daniel Kahneman
    https://www.amazon.com/dp/0374275637/?tag=mh0b-20&hvadid=78615123234594&hvqmt=e&hvbmt=be&hvdev=c&ref=pd_sl_f5eb0au55_e

  16. david. is there a way for me to save these segments (on a flash drive). I would like to be able to reference them in the future

  17. David how do you say our democracy , that word is not in the Constitution, can you please explain to me ? I was never taught of this democracy in school when was it formed and by what law?

  18. they do teach this still its usually in math and science but since the red states are taking away science and teaching creationism that is where things start to fall flat

    thx for this ha bisky vid and even with creationism still being taught students still protest it with great questions and dont take it at face value

  19. Critical thinking is one of the major classes you learn in woman studies degrees, they seem to think very critically, about 100k student loans worth of critical thinking for that degree.

  20. Yes mr Pakman…you say critical thinking…yet you show know abillity to put your money where your mouth is with your one sided reporting…i am sorry a part of critical thinking is taking issues and pursue multiple viewpoints…it is obvious by watching most of your videos online that you have made up your mind and are not capable of pursuing other viewpoints…If you truly preach critical thinking there should be no bias to one side or the other..

  21. Please tell me this is fucking IRONY. You have zero critical thinking skills but did a series on critical thinking?

  22. I’m a fan. I also like the idea of the series. This is the same stuff taught in college rhetoric and English courses. I worked at a few auto suppliers before I finished my bs. A large fraction of my comrades on the job, wouldn’t understand any of this. For them rational argument was made up of innuendo, appeal to authority, filibustering over people, gossiping and any other crap that doesn’t logically support an argument. If you recall the nature of the jerry springer show and all of its clones in the nineties, that is what the nature of argument was with that crowd. Fast forward to the present, and l see the same method of so called “argument” on Fox News all of the time. I just got done watching Liz Cheney filibuster over an interviewer on cbs on trump’s racist squad tweets. The interviewer could not even get in a question. I challenge anyone to show me an example where Sean Hannity illuminates any principle of conservatism rather than misrepresenting other people’s opinions. So I don’t think that most conservatives are influenced by sound argument and effective rhetoric.

  23. Critical Theory was invented by the Frankfurt school Jews. The objective was to criticise everything until western civilization was destroyed and replaced with Jewish Marxism. Of course Marxism itself was off limits for the application of critical theory. The Frankfurt school had tried that at one point and they found that Marxism crumbled like a sand castle hit with a Tsunami.

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